Organ transplantation: archive

SAMS » Ethics » Topics A–Z » Transplantation » Archive

The SAMS has been concerned with transplantation medicine and associated ethical questions for more than 50 years. In 1969, two years after the first heart transplant, it published guidelines on the definition and diagnosis of death. On this page, various relevant publications – now obsolete – are made available for documentation purposes.

Medical advances and the associated ethical questions necessitated numerous revisions and additions to the SAMS guidelines on the determination of death. Until federal legislation on transplantation came into force, the SAMS provided guidance through its guidelines on organ transplantation (in effect from 1981 to 2004), on the transplantation of human fetal tissue, and on xenotransplantation. These documents can be found in our Guidelines archive.


Archived SAMS publications

SAMS factsheet: Organ transplantation: opt-out or opt-in system? (2013), available in French | German


SAMS factsheet: Partial revision of the Transplantation Act (2013), available in French | German


There is only one death – Comments by the SAMS on the key points revised in the guidelines «Determination of death with regard to organ transplantation« (2011; available in French | German



lic. theol., dipl. biol. Sibylle Ackermann
Head Department Ethics
Tel. +41 31 306 92 73